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Hazards in Countries of Different Levels of Development

 
Geography Starter

Starter

 
The two following images show the aftermath of earthquakes in two different countries. What do you think the differences were in the impacts of the two earthquakes?
 
Maximum Speed 50
Flickr
 
Maximum Speed 50
Flickr
 
Geography Activities

Activities

 

Task One: What is development?

 
Write a definition:
Keyword
Level of Development
 

Task Two: The Development Pathway

 
What do each of the following acronyms stand for? Give an example of each:
Keyword
LLEDC
Keyword
LEDC
Keyword
RIC
Keyword
OPEC
Keyword
NIC
Keyword
MEDC
 

Task Three: The Human Development Index

Something to think about ...

Something to think about ... Which is the most developed country in the world? Which is the least developed country in the world? How do we measure development?

 
The HDI – human development index – is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Health is measured by life expectancy at birth; knowledge is measured by a combination of the adult literacy rate and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrolment ratio; and standard of living by GDP per capita (PPP US$).
 
Write a definition:
Keyword
Human Development Index
 

Task Four: Is there a link between level of development and death toll from an earthquake?

 
  1. Copy the table above and add an addition column.
  2. In your addition column - write the Human Development Index (HDI) value for each country.
  3. To see if there a link between level of development and death toll from an earthquake we are going to plot a graph - HDI against Death Toll. Prepare your axis.
  4. Plot each earthquake onto your axis - making a small note by each data point of the date of the quake.
  5. Answer the following questions:
      • Do you think there a link between the level of development of a country and the death toll from an earthquake? Fully explain your answer.
      • What other factors do you think may influence the death toll from an earthquake?
  6. Extension Task: Produce another graph to investigate a factor that may influence the death toll from an earthquake.
 
Geography Review

Review

 
Learn these eight mini case studies:
Date
Location
Approximate Death Toll
Magnitude [Richter Scale]
Notes
26 / 01 / 2001
Gujarat, India
20,000
7.6
Stress caused by the Indian Plate pushing northwards towards the Eurasian Plate.
25 / 03 / 2002
Afghanistan
1,000
6.1
Landslides blocked roads in the epicentral area.
21 / 05 / 2003
Algeria
2,200
6.8
Caused a tsunami which sank 10 boats on the Spanish coast.
26 / 12 / 2003
Iran
31,000
6.6
Maximum damage (IX) caused in city of Bam.
26 / 12 / 2004
Sumatra, Indonesia
225,000
9.1
Caused a massive tsunami which affected 14 countries.
08 / 10 / 2005
Pakistan
86,000
7.6
Entire villages were destroyed in northern Pakistan.
26 / 05 / 2006
Indonesia
5,700
6.3
Loss estimated at 3.1 billion US $.
12 / 05 / 2008
China
87,000
7.9
More that 45.5 million people affected. Estimated that 5.36 million buildings collapsed.
 
 

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