Online Geography Resources


Weather or Climate

Geography Starter


Geography Activities



Weather or Climate

Weather is the condition of the air around us in a particular place at a particular time.  It is the daily changes in the temperature, precipitation, wind speed, etc from day to day.  Weather implies a short time period.  For example, the weather on a certain day may be windy and cool.
Climate is the sort of weather that can normally be expected in an area over a long period.  It sums up the average weather conditions recorded over a period of 30 years.  For example, tropical countries have hot climates and the Arctic has a cold climate.
Are each of these statements related to weather or climate?
“I think we should move to France where it is warmer.”
“My washing will never dry today.”
“December is wet and cold.”
“Where should we go for our skiing holiday this year?”
“There is too much fog for the plane to land.”
“Bananas grow in Jamaica because it is hot.”
“Sports Day is cancelled, it is raining too much.”
“Take your coat to school today.”
“It’s October, it’ll be getting cold soon, I’d better put the heating on.”
“ Madrid, in August, will be very hot.”


What is the weather doing today in your town/city? What is it forecast to do tomorrow?
BBC Weather
Weather Underground


The World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification shows the different types of climate you will find across the globe. The classification is based upon Main Climate, Precipitation and Temperature.

Climate Classification Map

Click on the map to view a larger version

Google Earth Placemark   Worksheet Placemarks [Hint: Turn Terrain off in Google Earth]

Download the Google Earth Overlay of the Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification from the link above plus the Worksheet Placemarks.

For each of the locations listed in the table on the worksheet - find out the code for the climate classification they are in and then use the code to write down the ‘Main Climate’, ‘Precipitation’ and ‘Temperature’.
Geography Review

Review and Homework Task


Weather Log Task

Your task is to keep a weather diary/log for the next 7 days. Download the template spreadsheet below to give you a structure for your weather diary.

If you use Google Docs you can upload the spreadsheet and keep your weather diary online, sharing it with your educator. on facebook
Follow @gatwUpdates on twitter
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