Online Geography Resources


Global Core and Periphery

IB DP Geography
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Base Knowledge and Understanding

Base knowledge and understanding

Video Clip
Data Visualization
Definition core
barrier (physical or political)
tertiary sector
News Article
Words to be defined
Base Level



The aim of this lesson:

  • To discuss the spatial pattern of global interactions through the mapping of core areas at the focus of interaction (network hubs/nodes), the peripheries and areas relatively unaffected by these interactions.
Looking at the map below is it possible to see global hubs or nodes? Like the hub of a bike wheel with the spokes radiating out from it.
OpenFlight Route Database [Source]
Geography Activities


Geography Activities
Geography Activities

Task 1: Mapping Core Areas - Mapping the Top 12s

On a blank outline world map locate the top 12 locations listed for each of the following globalization indicators. You need to try and mark cities rather than countries and use a key/legend to show what your placemarks show.
  Global Financial Centres Index - a ranking of the competitiveness of financial centres based on 26,629 financial centre assessments
  World's busiest airports by international passenger traffic
  List of world's busiest container ports
  Estimated Internet users per 100 inhabitants [opens an Excel document ]
  List of countries by number of mobile phones in use - rank by Phones per 100 citizens
  Number of IKEA stores
Geography Activities
Geography Activities

Task 2: Discussion of the Global Core

It is possible to highlight on your blank outline world map a 'global core'? What defines this global core? Can you name any other indicators that would either expand or reaffirm the 'global core'?

Is Australia in the global core or periphery?

Geography Activities
Geography Activities

Task 3: If we have a Core - there must be a Periphery

Where are the 'global peripheries', areas relatively unaffected by the global interactions of globalization?

What makes the 'global peripheries' isolated, repressed or avoided?

Geography Activities
Geography Activities

Task 4: The IB Five - Core, Semi-Periphery or Periphery

IB Five

Which of the 'IB Five are in the Core, the Semi-Periphery or the Periphery?

Choose one of the IB Five which is a global periphery and explain why it is.

Geography Review


Discuss why some locations are considered to be global hubs while others global peripheries. [15 Marks]
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