1.2.4 Forced migrations - detailed examples

Content

  • Geographic inquiry and concept(s)
    • Processes of population change and their effect on people and places
  • Geographic knowledge and understanding
    • The causes and consequences of forced migration and internal displacement
  • Case study or detailed examples
    • Detailed examples of two or more forced movements, to include environmental and political push factors, and consequences for people and places
  • Aims of this lesson
    • To develop two detailed examples of forced migrations making sure to include environmental and political push factors, and consequences for people and places.

Base knowledge and understanding

Video clip

[2 October 2016]

Visualization

The Great Syrian Escape

Key terms

  • Economic migrant
    • A person who leaves their country of origin purely for economic reasons that are not in any way related to the refugee definition, in order to seek material improvements in their livelihood.
  • Environmental push factors
    • Environmental (relating to the natural world and the impact of human activity on its condition) factors which initiate and influence the decision to migrate by impelling or stimulating emigration
  • Forced migrant
    • A person subject to a migratory movement in which an element of coercion exists, including threats to life and livelihood, whether arising from natural or man-made causes (e.g. movements of refugees and internally displaced persons as well as people displaced by natural or environmental disasters, chemical or nuclear disasters, famine or development projects).
  • Internally displaced person
    • A person or groups of persons who has been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalised violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognised State border.
  • Political push factors
    • Political (relating to the government or public affairs of a country) factors which initiate and influence the decision to migrate by impelling or stimulating emigration
  • Refugee
    • In the global context , either a person who, owing to a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country, or a stateless person, who, being outside of the country of former habitual residence for the same reasons as mentioned before, is unable or, owing to such fear, unwilling to return to it.
Context

Context

  1. Take some time to look at the three items below - The Uprooted, Seeking refuge for my children and Why Boat Refugees Don't Fly!
  1. You need to create two detailed examples. One where the majority of the push factors are 'political' and the other where the majority of the push factors are 'environmental'. Your detailed examples must include:
    • the push factors
    • the consequences for people
    • the consequences for places
    • [Use a single slide for each detailed example using an app such as Google Slides or PowerPoint.]
Middle East

The Syrian Refugee Crisis

[10 September 2015]
[7 April 2017]
Link

BBC News - Why is there a war in Syria? [15 March 2018]

Link

Al Jazeera - Syria's civil war explained from the beginning [14 April 2018]

Africa

Lake Chad region, Africa

Watch from 27 minutes and 40 seconds to focus upon the Lake Chad region. [1 May 2019]
Link

European Council on Foreign Relations - Climate-driven migration in Africa [20 December 2017]

Listen

Listen

podcasts.geographyalltheway.com

podcasts.geographyalltheway.com curates 200+ podcasts to support IB DP Geography students and educators. The following podcast supports and extends the content from this lesson →

Listen

BBC World Service - The Compass - Climate Wars: The Sahel [27 minutes]

Listen

The Guardian - Running dry: the water crisis driving migration to the US [26 minutes]

Concepts

Concepts

Forced migration have impacts upon people and places. The power of the push factors will affect the number of people that move.

Review

Review

  • “Climate change will eventually become the main reason for human migration.” To what extent do you agree with this statement? [10]
  • Explain two causes of forced migration. [4]
  • State and explain one environmental push factor causing an instance of forced migration. [3]
  • State and explain one political push factor causing an instance of forced migration. [3]
  • Explain one environmental consequence of one named forced migration. [3]
  • Explain one political cause and one political consequence of forced migration. [4]
  • “Resource insecurity is becoming the main cause of forced migration.” To what extent do you agree with this statement? [10]
  • Explain two ways in which water can be managed to provide a more sustainable future for local communities in countries such as these. [3 + 3] [6]