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Online Geography Resources

 

Global Disease

IB DP Geography
       
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Base Knowledge and Understanding

Base knowledge and understanding

 
Video Clip
Data Visualization
   
Definition Disease of affluence
Disease of poverty
Communicable disease
Non-communicable disease
Prevalence
Incidence
Pandemic disease
Endemic disease
News Article
Words to be defined
 
Video Clip
Data Visualization
   
Definition Disease diffusion
Relocation diffusion
Expansion diffusion
Quarantine
SARS
Barrier protection
Node
News Article
Words to be defined
 
Base Level

Context

 

The aim of this lesson:

  • To explain the global distribution of diseases of poverty.
  • To explain the global distribution of diseases of affluence.
  • To be able to explain how the geographic concept of diffusion by relocation applies to the spread of diseases.
  • To be able to explain how the geographic concept of diffusion by expansion applies to the spread of diseases.
  • To examine the application of the concept of barriers in attempts to limit the spread of diseases.
 
Use the spreadsheet below from the World Health Organization to list what you believe to be the top 6 'diseases of poverty'.
 
Google Doc
  Global Patterns of Disease - World Bank Income Groups [Google Spreadsheet]
 
Geography Activities

Synthesis

 
Geography Activities

Explain the global distribution of diseases of poverty

What is meant by a disease of poverty? Diseases of poverty tend to be transmitted through close human contact due to the living conditions of people in areas like shanty towns, or vectors, such as insects. They are not completely confined to people living in poverty, but are more likely to be experienced by them. It is also important to bear in mind that there are different levels of poverty.

 

Age-standardised disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rates from Diarrhoeal diseases by country (per 100,000 inhabitants) - 2004. [One DALY represents the loss of the equivalent of one year of full health.]

 
Geography Activities
Imagine this to be a 6 mark exam question - Explain the global distribution of a disease of poverty.
 
Geography Activities

Explain the global distribution of diseases of affluence

Explore a number of diseases that could be called ‘diseases of affluence’.

You will need to make notes on the included and linked to resources to help answer the question in the final section.

 
Geography Activities
Using obesity, diabetes, alcohol related deaths and chronic heart disease as examples - explain the global distribution of diseases of affluence.
 
Geography Activities

Obesity

 
Hyperlink
  The Atlantic - The Richest, Fattest Nation on Earth (It's Not the United States) [16 November 2011]
 
 
Geography Activities

Diabetes

 
Hyperlink
  The Economist - Sugar rush - The progress of a disease over thirty years [27 June 2011]
 
Diabetes prevalence in adults aged 25 and over
 
Geography Activities

Alcohol

 
Hyperlink
  World Health Organization - Action needed to reduce health impact of harmful alcohol use [11 February 2011]
 
Proportion of alcholo-attributable deaths
 
Geography Activities

Coronary heart disease

Number of deaths from cononary heart disease
 
geographyalltheway.com
  Syllabus linkage: Prevention Relative to Treatment - Coronary Heart Disease in the United Kingdom
 
Geography Activities

Expansion diffusion

 
Geography Activities

Twitter challenge - summarize expansion diffusion (including an example) in less than 140 characters

 
Hyperlink
  The World Bank - India: Battling TB in India’s slums [9 May 2013]
 
Geography Activities

Relocation diffusion

 
Geography Activities

Twitter challenge - summarise relocation diffusion (including an example) in less than 140 characters

 
BBC News
  Sars: The people who risked their lives to stop the virus [16 August 2013]
 
Geography Activities

Bird Flu - the concept of barriers in attempts to limit the spread of diseases

Achoo!!
Olle Johansson, Sweden | Licensed from PoliticalCartoons.com
 
 
Geography Activities

What is Bird Flu?

Hyperlink
  NHS choices - Bird flu (avian flu) [24 July 2013]
Hyperlink
  World Health Organization - Avian influenza [April 2011]
 
Geography Activities

How are 'barriers' used in attempts to limit the spread of Bird Flu?

BBC News
  Poultry markets in China 'are vast bird flu reservoir' [31 October 2013]
Hyperlink
  As Bird Flu Spreads to Taiwan, Governments Act to Prepare [April 2011]
 
Geography Review

Review

 
Are your notes sufficient to answer the following exam style questions:
 
  • Explain the global distribution of diseases of poverty [10 marks]
  • Explain the global distribution of diseases of affluence [10 marks]
  • Explain how the geographic concept of diffusion by relocation applies to the spread of diseases. [6 Marks]
  • Explain how the geographic concept of diffusion by expansion applies to the spread of diseases. [6 Marks
 
Alan Parkinson   These Geography of Food and Health resources were written by Alan Parkinson and edited by Richard Allaway. Alan is a an independent geography consultant, author and trainer, fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, Chartered Geographer and founder member of the Geography Collective.
 

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