Settlement characteristics

Think

Starter

What does this settlement do? What is it's function? Why is it located where it is? How would you describe its situation? Do you think it is an 'important' settlement?

Tilt-shift Maker: Barcelona from the Sagrada Família
Placemark

La Sagrada Família, Barcelona, Spain

Write

Activities

Watch

Site and situation

TermDefinition
SiteThe actual location of a settlement. For example; Toulouse is at Latitude 43,38 ° N, Longitude 1,22 ° E, approximately 580 km south from Paris.
SituationThe location of a settlement in relation to places (human and physical) surrounding it. For example; Toulouse is a city in southwest France on the banks of the Garonne River, half-way between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
  1. Describe the site of Paris, France.
  2. Describe the situation of London, United Kingdom.
Watch

Location factors

  1. Define the following:
  • Wet-point site
  • Dry-point site
  • Building materials
  • Defence
  • Fuel supply
  • Food supplies
  • Nodal point
  • Bridging point
  • Shelter
  • Aspect
Watch

Pattern

Dispersed
Dispersed
Linear
Linear
Nucleated
Nucleated

Can you decide if each settlement is dispersed, linear or nucleated? What about the settlement you live in?

Placemark

4. Settlement A

Placemark

5. Settlement B 

Placemark

6. Settlement C

Placemark

7. Settlement D

Placemark

8. Settlement E

Placemark

9. Settlement F

Google Earth

Using Google Earth for web with this lesson

The individual placemarks can be opened as links from this webpage. Alternatively they can all be opened from a single file. To do this follow these steps:

  1. Download the KML, linked to below, onto your computer.
  2. Open Google Earth for web.
  3. Click Projects.
  4. Click New Project.
  5. Choose 'Import KML file from computer'.
  6. Choose the file from your computer.
KML file
Watch

Function

  1. Provide an example and explanation for each of these settlement functions.

Market Town

Placemark

Mining Town

Placemark

Industrial / Manufacturing

Placemark

Ports

Placemark

Commercial

Placemark

Cultural / Religious

Placemark

Residential

Placemark

Tourist resort

Placemark

Watch

Hierarchy

  1. Define hierarchy.
  2. Give an example for each level of the hierarchy.
Settlement hierarchy