Earthquakes - Managing the hazard

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Building design → Bam Earthquake, Iran, 2003

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Wikipedia - 2003 Bam earthquake

  1. For the Bam Earthquake that happened in 2003 write a one sentence summary under each of the following subheadings: [Hint: Try using Wikipedia or the BBC News as your source of information. The first one has been done for you.]
What happenedAn earthquake that measured 6.7 on the Richter Scale destroyed 70% of the modern city of Bam.
When did it happen
Where did it happen
Why did it happen
Who was affected by it happening

Some 80% of Bam has been destroyed: the city's famous mud-brick constructions collapsed quickly - and crucially left no life-saving air pockets for those crushed as they slept, just suffocating dust.

A number of techniques can be used to make houses withstand earthquakes better:

  1. Hollow concrete brick designed to cause minimal damage
  2. Reinforced cement concrete roof
  3. Stone foundations made from rubble from destroyed houses
  4. Reinforced steel corner pillars provide strength and flexibility
  1. Describe why the traditional houses in Bam collapsed during the earthquake.
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Building design → Using technology

  1. What is ‘QuakeWrap’ and how does it help manage the impacts of an earthquake?
  1. What is this device? How does it help manage the impact of an earthquake?
  1. What is this product? How does it help manage the impact of an earthquake?
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Hazard management through education > Earthquake drills

  1. What is ‘Duck, Cover and Hold’?
  2. Describe and explain the role of education in earthquake management. [7 marks]