Industrial location

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IB Geography: Development: Rostow Model from Richard Allaway
location_factors_excercise

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Activities

Your task is to decide which of the eight lettered locations should be chosen by five manufacturing industries that want to locate in this area. 

Industrial location
ALITE Aluminium Smelters

ALITE aluminium, because it is light and conducts heat and electricity well, is used to make all kinds of cooking utensils, electricity cables, trains, cars, ships and aeroplanes.

To production of aluminium needs a large amount of the main raw material - bauxite (aluminium ore) and lots of power (electricity). The bauxite is imported from Australia and so arrives to this country in a large ship. The company needs to get the bauxite to the smelter as cheaply as possible. You also need a very cheap source of electricity.

You will employ at least 400 people.

Blue Shape Cement Works

Cement is a grey powder which, when combined with water and other materials, forms concrete. It is made by burning, at a high temperature, a mixture of clay and limestone producing lumps called “clinkers” which are ground into a fine powder consisting of hydraulic calcium silicates.

Blue Shape Cement Works will employ about 40 people on a site that needs to be close to at least one of the raw materials.

The products will be sold throughout this country and therefore proximity to a mass transport method is important.

Grand Bakery

The bakery requires somewhere for the short-term storage of its raw materials and finished products. It produces bread on a daily basis and if it is not sold on the same day it may be wasted. Therefore the bakery needs to be close to your market with good transport links.

Grand Bakery only employs about 20 people.

Maddocks Steelworks

Maddocks Steelworks needs lots of heavy bulky raw materials. There are three raw materials needed to make your steel: iron ore, coal and in smaller quantities, limestone. They need to be transported to the steelworks as cheaply as possible. All the raw materials are mined in this country. The final product is heavy and bulky and is sold to places all over the country and abroad.

Maddocks Steelworks will be employing about 600 people.

Top Ten Textiles

The clothes 'Top Ten Textiles' products are made on numerous sewing machines, on an assembly line. This is where one worker does one particular job all of the time and the unfinished product moves onto the next worker who will do a different job.

Top Ten Textiles does not need lots of heavy bulky materials. The materials need some storage space but not a lot as the clothes are soon sent to the shops.

Top Ten Textiles need approximately 150 people to work at the factory.

  1. Using the information in map – summarize the characteristics of each of the possible site locations.
  2. Summarize the needs of ALITE Aluminium Smelters.
  3. Which of the eight sites would best meet the needs of ALITE Aluminium Smelters?
  4. Fully explain your choice of site.
  5. Summarize the needs of Blue Shape Cement Works.
  6. Which of the eight sites would best meet the needs of Blue Shape Cement Works?
  7. Fully explain your choice of site.
  8. Summarize the needs of the Grand Bakery.
  9. Which of the eight sites would best meet the needs of Grand Bakery?
  10. Fully explain your choice of site.
  11. Summarize the needs of Maddocks Steelworks.
  12. Which of the eight sites would best meet the needs of Maddocks Steelworks?
  13. Fully explain your choice of site.
  14. Summarize the needs of Top Ten Textiles.
  15. Which of the eight sites would best meet the needs of Top Ten Textiles?
  16. Fully explain your choice of site.
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Review

Review

For either a named high-technology or manufacturing industry, explain how: transport, labour, markets and at least one other factor influenced its growth. [8 Marks]