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Tropical Rainforests

 
Geography Starter

Starter

 
 
Geography Activities

Activities

 
Global Biomes
World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification: A4 VersionA4 Version | Google Earth Version Google Earth Version | Source

Task One: Global Rainforest Distribution

Using the map of global biomes (above) mark onto a blank world map the location of 'Tropical forest'. Ensure that your map has a title and a key. Add to your map the location of the Brazilian city of Manuas.

Blank World Map

Task Two: Rainforest Ecosystem Climate Graph

Produce a climate graph for Manuas (Brazil) either by hand or using Excel. Steps to help you produce a climate graph in Excel can be found below.

Rainfall data can be found here and temperature data can be found here.

Using Excel to Produce a Climate Graph

Step 1:
Open the Excel and in a cell near the top left type Month. Type January in the next cell, followed by February, etc.

Step 2:
Type Temperature (°C) in the cell below the word 'Month' and then enter the temperature data in the cells under each month.

Step 3:
Type Rainfall (mm) into the cell below the word 'Temperature' and then enter the rainfall data in the cells under each month.

Step 4:
Highlight all the data that you have entered and click on the Chart Wizard icon in the toolbar.

Step 5:
Choose the first type of Column graph and then carry on until you get to Step 3 of the wizard.

Step 6:
Type in the graph title e.g. Climate Graph of Anytown, then the x-axis label e.g. Months and then finally type in Rainfall (mm) for the y-axis.

Step 7:
Select the Legend tab at the top of the wizard and untick 'Show Legend'.

Step 8:
Click next and in Step 4 of the wizard choose the option ‘As new sheet’. Give it a name and click Finish.

Step 9:
The next task is to convert the temperature data to a line graph. Move your mouse over one of the temperature columns and right-click. From the option box that opens, choose ‘Chart Type’ and then ‘Line’ graph as the type of graph. The temperature data will then be plotted as a line graph.

Step 10:
The next task is to move the temperature line upwards. To do this, right-click on the line, choose ‘Format Data Series’ from the option box that appears, then select the Axis tab at the top and click on ‘Secondary axis’.

Step 11:
The final task is to add a label to the new y-axis on the right. To do this, click on the chart wizard again and move
through to Step 3. In Step 3, a new box should have appeared called ‘Secondary value (Y) axis’. Use this to enter a label for the temperature data e.g. Temperature (°C)

Step 12:
You can (after saving the graph) go back and alter any aspect of it e.g. the colours of the bars or lines, edit the title and axis labels, etc, etc.

Task Three: Climate Graph Analysis

Answer the following questions, using your climate graph:

  1. Which is the hottest month?
  2. What is the mean temperature of the hottest month?
  3. Which is the coolest month?
  4. What is the mean temperature of the coolest month?
  5. What is the annual temperature range?
  6. Which is the wettest month?
  7. How much rainfall does the wettest month receive?
  8. Which is the driest month?
  9. How much rainfall does the driest month receive?
  10. Describe and explain the season distribution of temperature and rainfall.
 

Task Four: Video and Note Making

Watch the BBC Planet Earth Jungles DVD using the following worksheet to help your structure your notes.
 
 
 
Geography Review

Review

 
 
  1. Using only evidence from the diagram above, describe three characteristics of the natural vegetation in areas of tropical rainforest. [3 Marks]
  2. Explain the relationship between the natural vegetation characteristics and the climate of
    the tropical rainforest. [4 Marks]
 

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