- Define undernutrition.
- Define malnutrition.
- Use the WFO HungerMap to find the % of the total population is undernourished for these countries:
- Sierra Leone
- North Korea
- For each of the following physical causes of food shortages – explain how they cause food shortage and the consequences of the food shortage.
Physical causes of food shortages
- Soil exhaustion → BBC News - Nigerian houses swallowed by sand [23 January 2007]
- Drought - BBC News - Afghanistan's neglected drought [22 November 2006]
- Flood - thenewhumanitarian.org - Floods threaten food security in Bujumbura Rural [25 January 2007]
- Tropical cyclones - BBC News - Guatemala faces hunger 'timebomb' [10 November 2005]
- Pests - Africa warned over locust swarms [12 October 2006]
- Disease - Rice fungus genome mapped at last [21 April 2005]
- For each of the following human causes of food shortages – explain how they cause food shortage and the consequences of the food shortage.
Human causes of food shortages
- Poverty - BBC News - Severe hunger looms for Zimbabwe [26 January 2007]
- Transport difficulties - BBC News - Afghan aid: The supply problems [7 October 2001]
- War and civil conflict - BBC News - Conflicts 'feeding global hunger' [16 October 2006]
- Commercial farming - BBC News - Aid workers grope for famine causes [23 August 2002]
There is large scale famine in some developing countries. This may be they result of: physical factors, economic factors, political factors. Explain why there are food shortages in some parts of the world. You may refer to examples which you have studied. [7 Marks]