Unit 3: Global resource consumption and security revision

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Case studies and examples

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Required case studies

  • None are required by the syllabus
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Required detailed examples

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Suggested examples [as an absolute minimum]

  • 3.1 Global trends in consumption
    • Global progress towards poverty reduction
    • Continental progress towards poverty reduction
    • The growth of the “new global middle class”
    • Individual, national and global ecological footprints
    • Global patterns and trends in the availability and consumption of water, including embedded water in food and manufactured goods
    • Global patterns and trends in the availability and consumption of land/food, including changing diets in middle-income countries
    • Global patterns and trends in the availability and consumption of energy
    • The relative and changing importance of hydrocarbons, nuclear power, renewables, new sources of modern energy
  • 3.2 Impacts of changing trends in resource consumption
    • The water–food–energy “nexus” and how its complex interactions affect national water security, including access to safe water
    • The water–food–energy “nexus” and how its complex interactions affect national food security, including food availability
    • The water–food–energy “nexus” and how its complex interactions affect national energy security, including energy pathways and geopolitical issues
    • The implications of global climate change for the water–food–energy nexus
    • The disposal and recycling of consumer items, including international flows of waste
  • 3.3 Resource stewardship
    • Pessimistic views, including neo-Malthusian views
    • Optimistic views, including Boserup
    • Resource stewardship strategies, including the value of the circular economy as a systems approach for effective cycling of materials and energy
    • Resource stewardship strategies, including the role of the UN Sustainable Development Goals and progress made toward meeting them
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3.1 Global trends in consumption

Content and context

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3.2 Impacts of changing trends in resource consumption

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3.3 Resource stewardship

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