- Examine the functioning of a drainage basin as an open system with inputs, outputs, transfers, stores and feedback loops.
- Define stream discharge. Examine its relationship to stream flow and channel shape.
- Describe the characteristics of a hydrograph. Examine the reasons for spatial and temporal (short-term and long-term) variations in hydrographs. Examine the role of hydrographs in forecasting the magnitude, spatial extent and timing of floods.